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Motion S01012
Proposed by Brian Accrocco

I propose that we append the following Section to the USAA Tournament Rules And Procedures.

Tournament Formats

All tournaments seeking USAA sanctioning must be run using one of the following formats. Failure to comply with the format procedures will result in a loss of sanctioning unless overturned by a majority vote of the USAA Board of Directors.

A. Double Elimination Format

1. Charts

a. All Double-elimination tournaments should be run in accordance with tournament charts as approved by the USAA Board of Directors.

b. Each chart bracket will constitute a round of play.

2. Seeding

a. All players/teams will be seeded in accordance with Official USAA Seeding Procedures.

3. Winning and Losing

a. When a player wins a match, he/she is advanced to the bracket in the next round as indicated by the chart.

b. When a player loses a match, he/she will be placed into the corresponding spot in the loser's bracket as indicated by the chart.

c. When a player loses a second match, he/she is eliminated from the main tournament.

2. Divisions

a. Division tournaments are not required for players outside of the top sixteen finishers.

b. If Division Tournaments are being used outside of the top sixteen, then all players participating in the main tournament will qualify and be permitted to participate in a Division tournament.

c. All players being eliminated from the main tournament in the same round qualify to participate in the same Division tournament.

d. All Division tournaments will be played using the double-elimination format.

3. Match Length

a. All matches from the first two rounds of play must be determined by a minimum of the best two games of three.

b. All matches from the third through the fifth rounds must be determined by a minimum of the best three games of five.

c. All other matches must be determined by a minimum of the best four games of seven.

d. No matches may be longer than the best 5 games of  9.

e. In Division tournaments, the length of matches may be 2 games of 3, 3 games of 5, or 4 games of 7.

f. Final decision on match lengths are at the discretion of the tournament director and must comply with these standards.


B. Swiss Format

1. Number of Rounds

a. If there are 32 or less players, then there must be a minimum of 5 rounds of play.

b. If there are 33 through 64 players, there must be a minimum of 6 rounds of play.

c. If the are 65 through 128 players, there must be a minimum of 7 rounds of play.

d. If there are 129 through 256 players, there must be a minimum of 8 rounds of play.

e. If there are 257 through 512 players, there must be a minimum of 9 rounds of play.

f. This format is not approved for more than 512 players.

2. Tournament System

a. The contestants are initially randomly paired in round 1.

b. All subsequent rounds will randomly match players of equal record.  In the event that a player has no opponent with an equal record to be matched against, the player will be matched with the first available player of lower record whom he/she has not yet played.

c. No two players may play more than once in the Swiss event.

d. All players are ranked after each round based on record and then by the average winning percentage of all of their opponents.

2. Match Length

a. Every match in a Swiss system must be a minimum of three games of five.

b. All matches must be the same length throughout the Swiss event.

3. Playoffs

a. The top 16 will advance to a double elimination playoff for ranks 1 to 16 seeded according to their Swiss finish after appropriate tie breaker matches, each match being a minimum of 4 games of 7.

b. Double Elimination Division events will take place for each of the other groups of sixteen: 17-32, 33-48, etc., each match being a minimum of 3 games of 5.

c. All USAA double elimination format standards with the exception of match length will apply.

4. Tiebreakers

a. If the number of players having the same match record is greater than the number of players to fill a division, then there will be a tiebreaker session for that division for those players.

b. The tiebreaker will be a ladder-style playoff. All matches will be the best 2 games of 3.

i. The playoff will begin with the two lowest-ranked players in the initial ladder.

ii. The loser will take the lowest finish, and the winner will then play the next highest person on the ladder of tied players.

iii. The winner of that match will then play the next highest-ranked player in the ladder, and this process will continue until all of the players in the ladder have played.

iv. If the player who was initially ranked at the top of the ladder wins, then the ladder playoff is complete. Otherwise the top player will play down the ladder until he/she either wins or finishes outside the division he/she is playing for.